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If gold and cryptocurrencies have not lived up to the expectations of the “gold bugs,” they haven’t created large-scale externalities either. But might unconventional monetary policy hold some of the blame for rising inequality? When I asked him this question, Roubini responded that increased inequality is caused by a number of factors unrelated to these measures. He points to technological innovation, trade, globalization, and a “winner-take-all superstar effect.” Unconventional monetary policies have probably played a part in rising inequality through asset price inflation, he says.
It has been over six years since the start of the global financial crisis.
In addition to sitting for this interview, Roubini delivered the closing keynote address at the 2015 Middle East Investment Conference. Coverage of that presentation can be found in “Roubini: Robust US Growth, Bumpy Landing for China, and No Grexit.“
Yet the fears that such measures would lead to hyperinflation or the collapse of the US dollar have not been realized either.
But things would have been much worse for those on the middle and lower rungs of the economic ladder in the absence of these policies, which may have helped prevent a potential double-dip or triple-dip recession.
The unconventional expansionary monetary policies that have been pursued in its wake do not seem to have delivered on their objective of a robust global economic recovery.
As for why these measures have failed to create robust economic growth as expected in different parts of the world, Roubini points to the “wrong policy mix,” with too much reliance on monetary expansion and not enough on fiscal stimulus. He thinks that the world’s supply of goods and services is greater than demand. Monetary policy alone can only do so much to boost aggregate demand, and government spending, particularly productive infrastructure outlays, with the obvious exception of China, could have made a difference in spurring a global economic recovery.
Why has reality defied expectations?
Roubini argues that those who feared hyperinflation from unconventional monetary policies confused cause and effect. Policies like quantitative easing (QE) and zero-interest rates were implemented to prevent deflation and a “double-dip or triple-dip recession,” he said. The “doom-and-gloom” pessimists who anticipated the rise of gold and cryptocurrencies have been proven wrong, he noted. Gold is trading well below its highs and bitcoin was the worst performing currency in 2014, falling by nearly 60%.
Click here to see the Roubini interview »
I discussed these issues with the distinguished economist Nouriel Roubini in a short, nine-minute video interview last month at the 2015 Middle East Investment Conference.
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